1. Why Voluntary Blood Donation?

  • The safety of blood transfusion begins with type of blood donor recruited by the blood bank. Regular, non-remunerated voluntary blood donors are safest. Blood donors could be classified in to four four main categories:
  • 1.Voluntary Blood Donor
  • This is the most preferred category as voluntary blood donor donates blood altruistically and willingly. He is trusted about his illnesses and honestly answers questions asked by medical officer. First time voluntary blood donor may not be safe if he/she is in the window period of infection. Therefore the safest and best blood donors are Regular voluntary blood donor whom blood bank has tested regularly and found negative for infections on each occasion.
  • 2.Professional/Paid blood donor
  • A donor who donated blood for exchange of money or other form of payment is the professional/paid donors. Supreme Court of India has banned these donors since January 1998 as these are high risk donors who pose a risk of transmitting infections in the recipient of blood.
  • 3.Replacement donor
  • A donor who is forced to donate blood to replace the blood units to be given or already given by the blood bank, is called replacement donors. Such donation is not safe as donor may not give true answers during medical interview. There is also risk that if the family is forced to replace the blood units, then they may bring profess

2. Who can donate ?

  • Age: Between 18-65 years

  • Body weight: Between 45kg and 115 kg

  • For collection of 450ml of blood, the minimum weight of donor should be 55 kg

  • Interval after last donation; Minimum 3 months

  • Pulse: between 50-100/min

  • Temperature: Should not exceed 99.5˚ F.

  • Diastolic blood pressure: Should not exceed 100mm/Hg

  • Systolic pressure: To be decided by B.T.O keeping in mind the physiological factors of the donor and presence of any associated cardio-vascular disease, medication etc. But it should not exceed 160mm/Hg

  • Hb level: minimum 12.5 g/years

3. Who can not donate ?

  • Self Rejection Instructions

  • If any of the following information is applicable, no blood donation is to be done as it might harm the patient who receives it.

  • If you ever had a positive test for hepatitis (HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HBc)

  • If you have ever taken illegal intravenous drugs

  • If you have AIDS or one of its signs or symptoms which include:

  • Unexplained weight loss (4-5 Kg or more in less then 2 months)

  • Profuse night sweats (Recurring sweating at night which wets the bed sheet)

  • Blue/purple spots on or under the skin or in the mouth

  • Long lasting white spots in the mouth

  • Swollen lymph nodes (lump in the neck or armpit or groin) lasting more than a month

4. Donation Process

Donation Process

Donors are welcomed at reception.

Screening by MSW (Medical Social Worker) and filling up donor registration form.

Medical questionnaire and examination by BTO (Blood Transfusion Officer)

Hemoglobin examination

Tapping of blood

Refreshment (Coffee, Biscuits) & post donation care

Donors are thanked for their noble work and are requested to come after three months

Post donation care and counseling

Donor is sent to the refreshment room after donation. 
Coffee-biscuits are served and band-aid is put at the donation site once the bleeding stops.

 

Donor instructions about post donation care -

Do not leave until released by a staff member.

Drink more fluids than usual in the next 4 hours.

Avoid consuming alcohol until you have eaten.

Do not smoke and chew tobacco for 30 minutes.

If there is bleeding from the venipuncture site, raise arm and apply pressure.

If fainting or dizziness occurs, either lie down or sit with the head between the knees.

If any symptoms persist, either telephone or return to the blood bank or see a doctor.

Resume all normal activities if asymptomatic. Donors who work in certain occupations such as construction workers, operators of machinery or person working at heights or near fire should be cautioned that dizziness or faintness may occur if they return to work immediately after giving blood.

Remove band-aid after a few hours.

Maintain high fluid intake during the approximately three days it takes for complete restoration of blood volume.

 

If you are a regular donor

It is advisable to take iron rich food to replenish your iron stores as blood donation at regular intervals will reduce the iron stores even if your hemoglobin is normal.
Following are few examples of iron/folic acid/vit. B 12 rich food:

IRON RICH FOOD

Mutton

Pudina

Soyabean

Bengal gram daal (chana daal)

Rajmah

Pearl Millet(Bajra)

Green leafy vegetables

Dry fruits

Watermelon

Custard apple (Sitafal)

FOLIC ACID RICH FOOD

Eggs

Liver

Palak

Bengal gram flour & daal

Bhindi

Groundnuts

Black gram daal (urad daal)

Wheat flour

If you are a vegetarian, it is advisable to take iron containing vegetables and fruits along with vit. C rich foods (Lemon, Aamla,orange, tomato)to increase the absorption of iron.

Vit. B12 RICH FOOD

Liver

Fish

Mutton

Eggs

Skimmed milk

One donation helps three

Your single donation can be separated in into different components, benefitting as many as three patients.
Whole blood has cellular components and liquid plasma. Cellular components include red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The cells are suspended in liquid plasma that contains coagulation factors, electrolytes, albumin, globulin and other proteins.
Your blood is separated into the following components (within six hours of collection)

a)

Red Blood Cell Concentrate (RCC) -with or without additive solution-SAGM/ADSOL-(prepared from 450 ml whole blood)

 

"It contains 150-200 ml red blood cells from which 80% of the plasma has been removed. RCC with additive solution contains minimum residual plasma to which 100 ml of additive solution has been added. 
It is indicated to increase oxygen carrying capacity of the anemic patients. 
Plasma has been removed thus it decreases chances of allergic or anaphylactic reactions.
Additive solution has advantage of increasing shelf life of RCC from 35 days to 42 days.

b)

RBCs Leukocytes Reduced

 

It contains reduced number of leucocytes (<5x106). We have Optipress machine through which leucocyte reduced RCC is prepared. Many of the allergic transfusion reactions are due to leucocytes or cytokines released by them. Hence these products eliminate most of these reactions.

 

 

 

 

d)

Platelets (Random Donor Platelets-RDP)

 

Platelets are collected from one unit of blood and re-suspended in an appropriate volume of plasma. It is indicated in treatment of bleeding due to thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count).

e)

Apheresis Platelet (Single Donor Platelets-SDP)

 

Platelets are collected from one donor on cell separator machine. Donors are selected if they fulfill certain requirement. Platelet count of one unit is equal to that of five to six units of RDP. Patients of thrombocytopenia are benefited by transfusion of this product.

f)

Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP)

 

It is plasma separated from a single whole blood unit and rapidly frozen within 6 hours of being collected. It contains all coagulation factors. It is useful in patients with multiple coagulation factor deficiencies. It is thawed before issue and should be administered as soon as possible after thawing.